The Abhaya Pradhan Temple or Uyyavantha Perumal Temple is one of the five Vishnu temples built by Pandavas.Uyyavantha Perumal is the presiding deity in this temple and is present in nindra tirukolam. The thayar here is known as vithuvakotu valli or padmapaani nachiyar. The temple is more famous as Anjumoorthy temple. It is one among the 13 Malai naadu divyadesams.The goddess is called Vithuvakottu valli and also as Padma pani nachiyar.
Pandavas in their exile are said to have stayed here and undertaken penance. Arjuna, Dharmaputra, Bheemasena and Nakula/Sahadeva created an idol each for their daily poojas at this temple. The main Moolavar deity was installed by Arjuna. Dharma Raja installed the idol to the right of the main deity as did Nakula and Sahadeva. Bheema installed the idol of Vishnu to the left of Uyyavantha Perumal. Another story goes that Kasi Viswanathar who was impressed with a rishi’s penance accompanied the rishi to this temple, finding a small place for himself in the umbrella taken by the rishi. On arriving here, the rishi went for a bath at the river. After his bath, he found the umbrella broken and found a swayambu idol of Lord Shiva at this place. Later, a separate temple was built for Shiva. Hence, this place is referred to as the ‘5 idols’ temple.
People believe that originally this temple was built by king Ammbareesha, This king used to observe Ekadasi fast religiously and take food after feeding a Brahmin the next day. It seems once sage Durvasa came to his place on an Ekadasi day and accepted his invitation to take food on Dwadasi. He went to take bath in the near by river but did not come back till Dwadasi thithi was over. King Ambarresha took Paranai before Durvasa came back at the proper time. Sage Durvasa got very angry and sent an ogre to kill him. But Lord Vishnu came and saved Ambareesha by killing the ogre. Durvasa realized his mistake and requested the king’s pardon. Ambareesha then requested the Lord to appear him from all directions. The five statues of the Lord are supposed to have been consecrated by the Pancha Pandavas. The centre one by Yudhishtra, the one in the west by Arjuna, that in the left by Bhema sena, that in the right by Nakula. It seems Sahadeva also joined in the worship of the statue in the right. It is also believed that king Amabareesha attained salvation in this temple.
As soon as you enter the temple you see Lord Shiva facing the east. Behind him is the temple for Lord Vishnu. He is called as Uyyavanda Perumal (The lord who came to give salvation). He is also called Abhaya pradhan (One who saves you) and also as Abath sagayar.The lord is found in a standing posture facing towards the south.
There are two separate sannidhis for Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu found in this temple, which signifies the unity of Shaivism, which revers Lord Shiva as the Supreme Being and Vaishnavism, which revers Lord Vishnu as the Supreme Being
The Theertham (temple tank) of Sri Uyyavantha Perumal is called as Chakkara theertham and the Vimanam (tower above the sanctum sanctorum) of this temple is called as Thathuva Kanchana Vimanam.
Kulasekara Alwar has expressed his love and devotion for the lord in 10 hymns
தருதுயரம் தடாயேலுன் சரணல்லால் சரணில்லை tharuthuyaram thadaayEl un saraNallaal saraNillai விரைகுழுவு மலர்ப்பொழில்சூழ் விற்றுவக்கோட் டம்மானே virai kuzhuvum malarp pozhilsoozh viRRuvakkOttammaanE அரிசினத்தா லீன்றதாய் அகற்றிடினும் மற்றவள்தன் arisinatthaal yeenRathaay akaRRidinum maRRavaLthan அருள்நினைந்தே யழும்குழவி அதுவேபோன் றிருந்தேனே aruLninaindhE azhumkuzhavi athuvE pOnRirunthEnE
நறுமணமே வீசும் பூக்கள் நிறைந்த சோலைகளாலே சூழப்பட்ட திரு வித்துவக் கோட்டில் எழுந்தருளி இருகின்ற பெருமானே ! நீ எனக்கு தந்த இத்துன்பத்தை நீயே போக்காவிட்டாலும் உன் திருவடிகளை அன்றி வேறு ஒரு புகலிடம் எனக்கு கிடையாது.பெற்ற தாய் மிகுந்த கோபத்தால் தன் குழந்தையை வெறுத்துத் தள்ளினாலும் ,மறுபடியும் தன் தாயின் இரக்கத்தை வேண்டி அழுகின்ற குழந்தையின் நிலையில் தான் நானிருக்கிறேன்
JSM Hooper's book "Hymns of the Alvars" exlpains the above verse as "If Thou wilt not my portion'd grief dispel, I have no hope but Thee, Vitruvakodu's Lord, girt with its groves of flowers with fragrant smell I'm like a babe, which weeps, yet thinks of mother's grace, though she with anger fierce has thrast it from her face"
- Krishna Jeyanthi – August/September
- Guru Purnima – June/July
- Navarathri – September/October
- Karthikai Deepam – November
- Vaikunda Ekadasi – December/January
On the Chennai-Palghat-Kozhikode rail route, get down at Pattambi station (about 10kms West of Shoranur Junction). An auto from Pattambi Railway Station to this Divya Desam (about 7kms) and back will cost Rs.80-100/-. From Coimbatore, one can reach this place by driving(about 110kms) via Palghat, Ottapalam, Shoranur and Pattambi.
Arulmigu Uyya Vandha Perumal Thirukkoil, ThiruVithuvakodu - 679303, Palakkad District, Kerala State. Phone : 98954 03524
Contact : Ravichandran and Ramachandran Embranthari @ 98460 92853
Time : 5:00am-10:30am and 5pm-8pm
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