Thiru Ooragam Ulagalantha Perumal

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Sri Lokanathan

Ulagalantha Perumal temple is situated just a kilometer north of Kanchipuram bus stand. This is one of the oldest temples located on east side of Sri Kamakshi Temple of Kanchi. The main idol of Lord Trivikrama is 30ft and there are sannidhis dedicated to Karakathan, Oorakathan, Neerakathan and Karvanathan within the temple premise.

Presiding Deity :Ulagalandha Perumal in NINDRA Thirukkolam giving his seva and facing west direction
Godess          :Amrutha Valli Thayar
Utsavar         :Sri Lokanathan
Vimanam         :Sara Srikara Vimanam
Theertham       :Naga Theertham

The Graciousness of the Temple is After Measuring the world as Trivikraman,King Mahabali Requests for his darshan as he was blinded by the Mighty leap.Hence Emperuman has manifested in the form of Adhiseshan, the five headed snake in this temple. He is present in a seperate sannidhi next to Ulagalandha perumal in Thiru Ooragam. Ooragam signifies snake and lord Vishnu gave dharshan to Mahabali as the serpent lord, this place came to be called Ooragam and the lord is called Ooragathan.The central shrine of temple is most commonly referred as Peragam

History

Ulagalantha Perumal

When his head was stamped by Emperumaan’s feet, he could not get the dharshan of Thirivikraman. Mahabali saw the lord only as Vamanan and wanted to see the lord as Trivikraman. He undertook penance at this divya desam, lord was pleased and gave his dharshan as Trivikraman, as the lord was towering he was not able to see the lord fully, up on his request lord gave his dharshan as Aadiseshan (Ooragathan) which can be seen next to Ulagalandha Perumal.

The moral that is explained by the Perumal is that all the things that are in exist in this world belongs to Emperumaan, Sriman Narayanan and this is cleary explained throught the Ulagalandhan (Thirivikrama) Perumal.

The gigantic Ulagalantha Perumal is special to Kanchipuram and a Lord of this size, and in this form, cannot be seen in any other Divya Desam

Other DivyaDesams within ThiruOoragam Temple

Tirukkaragam The shrine is located on the third precinct of the temple. As per Hindu legend, sage Garga performed his penance at this temple and obtained knowledge. The place thus derived its name Garagaham, which later became Kaaragam. The presiding deity of the shrine is Karunakara Perumal facing north and seated on Adisesha and his consort Padmamani Nachiar. The temple tank associated with it is called Agraya Tirtha and the vimana is called Vamana Vimanam or Ramaya Vimanam

Tirukkarvanam The shrine is located in the second precinct. The presiding deity is called Kalvar and faces north, while his consort is Kamalvalli Thayar. Gauri Tatakam and Taratara Tatakam are the temple tanks associated with the temple and the vimana is called Puskala Vimana.There is a separate for Aranavalli Thayar

Tiruneerakam

The temple has no presiding deity, but just a festive image probably brought from other shrine. The images of the festival deity, Jagadiswara, facing East and having four arms, is housed in a hall in the second precinct.The Goddess here is Nilamangai Valli .The water body associated with the temple is Akrura Tirtham and the vimana is Jagadiswara Vimanam. As per Pillai Perumal Aiyangar in his Nurrettrutiruppatiyantati, Vishnu revealed himself to a sage in the form of a child in a banyan leaf.

Architechture

ThiruOoragam

The temple has an area of about 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2) and has a three tiered rajagopuram(main towers) with seven kalasas. The temple houses four divya desams on its own - they are Thirukkarvaanam, Thirukaaragam, Thiruooragam and Thiruneeragam.It is believed that all the shrines were probably separate temples, but the circumstances which lead do these temples getting housed in the Ulagalantha Perumal temple is not known.Thirumangai Azhwar has sung praises of all the four temples in a single verse. The temple tank, Naga Tirtha, is located outside the main temple complex

The temple has 15 inscriptions from various dynasties like Pallavas, Chola and Sambuvarayars. The earliest inscription is from 846 CE during the regime of Nandivarman III (846 - 869 CE). There is a Chola inscription dated 1110 CE during the reign of Kulothunga Chola I (1070 - 1120 CE) indicating his visit to the temple and his gift of land to the temple whose income was to be used for the maintenance of the temple. Another similar inscription indicates the donation of a village by the king on behest of his queen Kampamadeviyar. There are inscriptions from later Chola kings like Rajathiraja Chola II (1166–78) and Rajaraja Chola III (1216-56) indicating various records of gifts to the temple. There are also inscriptions from minor chieftains like Vijaya Gandagopala indicating gifts to the temple.

The inscriptions refer the main deity by various names like Thiru Uragathu Ninru-arulina Paramaswamin, Thiru Uragathazhwar and Tiru uragathu Emberuman.The Sambuvarayar rule of the 16th century records the gift of a pond and a grove in Sevvanmedu village. The temple still continues to possess this grove.The inscriptions in the temple also indicate increased trade and commerce during the Pallava period, with licenses provided to shops like oil, ghee, arecanut, vegetables, flowers, coconut, sugar, cloth and sandal.

Azhwars

Thirumangai Azhvaar and Thirumazhisai Azhvaar have praised Ulagalantha Perumal.

நீரகத்தை நிலாத்திங்கள் துண்டத்தாய் நிறைந்த
கச்சி ஊர்கதை நீர் வேக்கவுல்லாய்
காரகத்தை கார்வன்னதுல்லை கலவா
பேரகத்தாய் பெருமாநுண் திருவடியே பெநிநேனே

Thirumangai Azhvaar has referred to all four Divya Desams in this temple complex in a single Paasuram.

Videos

Festival

There are two major festivals celebrated in the temple -

  • Brahmotsavam during the Tamil month of Thai (January - February)
  • Vamana Jayanthi during the Tamil month of Avani (August - September) on Sravanam star

Temple Timings

Morning 7am-12noon
Evening 4pm-8pm

Nearby Temples

Kanchipuram is a temple town and has lot of temples for its glory .The more prominent & Historic among them is

  • Ekambareswarar Temple ,Pancha Bootha sthalams of Lord Shiva
  • Kamakshi Amman Temple,one of 51 Shakthi Peedams
  • Varadharaja Perumal Temple
  • Sonna Vannam Seitha Perumal

How to Reach

Kanchipuram is 75 Kms from Chennai and buses ply every 30 minute from Chennai.Suburban Trains from Chennai is also available.

There are couple of Passenger Trains from Arrakonam & Chengalpet also

Nearest Airport is Chennai (60 Kms)

Where To Stay

There are lot of stay options available in Kanchipuram Town

Websites & Blogs