Srimushnam Bhoo Varahaswamy

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Bhoovaraha Swamy

Sri Mushnam Bhoovaraha Swamy Temple is Located 35kms West of Chidambaram in the Kattu Mannar Koil Taluk in Sri Mushnum.

Sri Bhoo-varaha Swami is the Moola-Moorthi here. Face alone is Varaha Roopa. Body is human form. With His face turned to His left, He stands facing us. (Body is facing west,head is facing South). It is really a sight to see His standing pose, so majestic, so magnificent, imposing and inspiring. It looks as though, He is asking us.

“Why are you afraid when I am yours?” Though the Vigraha is small in size, He stands triumphant, like a victorious warrior: resting His two hands majestically on His hip, and holding the Chakra and Shankha. That posture has a meaning. It means He is there, assuring us full protection in Life. His very Darshan is a great boon for success and bliss

Srimushnam's presiding deity is 'Lord Bhuvaraha', which gives the town its alternative name, 'Varaha Kshetram'. Lord Bhuvaraha's consort is Ambujavalli Thayar while the temple icon is formed naturally from a saligarama (black smooth round stone). The utsavamurthy does not resemble a wild boar in accordance with the desires of his celestial consort and is called 'Yagna Varahan'.[clarification needed] This is the only place where all deities are Varaha Murti A visit even once to this temple and sincere prayers to Lord Bhoo Varahaswamy is said to help attain moksham in this lifetime, such is the power of Bhoo Varahar.

Swayambu Kshetram

Srimushnum is one of the 8 Swayambu Kshetrams in India.

The others are Srirangam, Tirupathi and Vanamaamalai in South India and Saligramam, Naimisarinyam, Pushkaram and Badri in North India.

Bhoo Varaha Perumal is a Saligrama moorthy and the speciality of the temple is that there is a Thirumanjanam every day for the Lord.

History

Hiranyaksha, the brother of Hiranyakashipu, wanted to be a dominant force. To achieve this, he rolled over the earth and took it into the nether world, from where he ruled.

Bhoo Devi undertook penance seeking help from Lord Narayana to protect her from the Asura. Lord Vishnu took the form of Varaha (a boar), went into the sea and killed the asura. He brought back the earth on his Adisesha and appeared here as a Swayambu idol.

Legend has it that he created the Pushkarani with the sweat emanating from his body after his battle with Hiranyaksha.

On his death bed, Hiranyaksha prayed to the Lord and as his final wish wanted the Lord to turn to turn in his direction. Hence Bhoo Varahan’s face is seen turned in the direction of the asura towards the South. An interesting feature of the moolavar deity at this temple is that the face, in the form of a boar, is turned towards South, while the body bearing a human shape is facing West in the direction of the devotees

While BhooVarahar is a Swayambu idol, the temple here in Srimushnum is said to have been constructed by Four Nayak kings- Achuthappa, Ananthappa, Govindappa and Kondappa Nayak.

The story goes that Ananthappa Nayak developed severe stomach pain when they camped at Rajendrapatnam, 8kms East of Sri Mushnum. He was relieved of his pains when Lord Vishnu came in his dreams and touched his stomach with his leg.

Delighted at this, he came here and constructed the temple. To this day, one can see the five fingers of the Lord below his left stomach

Architecture

Temple

The existence of Bhuvaraha Swamy temple during the medieval Chola period is seen from the inscriptions from 11th century. The temple was expanded by Thanjavur Nayak king Achuthappa Nayak (1560 - 1614 AD). The life size image of the king and his brothers are found in the sixteen pillared hall of the temple.An epigraph dated 1068 in the nearby Shiva temples indicates gifts by Virarajendra Chola (1063–1070 AD) to the Varaha shrine. Another inscription dated at 1100 by Kulothunga Chola I (1070–1120) indicates a gift of a village to the temple, where the presiding deity is referred as Varaha Azhwar. The later inscriptions are from Vijayanagara kings of the 16th century like Virupaksha Raya II (1465-85 AD) dated 1471 AD, Sriranga I (1572-86), Venkata II (1586 - 1614) indicating various gifts to the temple. The most notable contributions of the temple were from Achuthappa Nayak (1560 - 1614 AD) who built the sixteen pillared Purushasuktha Mandapa along with other smaller shrines of the temple

There are two gopurams in the temple and two precincts enclosed within large granite walls- the western tower is seven-tiered and is the commonly used one. The five-tiered one on the eastern side is opened only during Vaikunta Ekadasi. There is a small image of Srinavasa Perumal on the upper portion of the inner side of the tower. Outside the temple, there is a 80 ft (24 m) tall monolith pillar with the image of Garuda on its top facing the presiding deity of the temple. The Sthala Vriksha of the temple is Ashvatha tree.

The sixteen pillared hall is called Purushasuktha Mandapa and it is the place where the hymns of Purusha sukta are recited each day during sacred ablution of the presiding deity. The vimana over the sanctum is called Pavana Vimana and is surmounted by a gold-plated Kalasa. The 16 columned pavilion is considered a masterpiece of Nayak art built by Achutappa Nayak

Varaha Slokams

The Varaha Kavacham is a special mantra dedicated to Lord Varaha Vishnu. Reciting this mantra regularly has tremendous benefits for the lives of devotees and gives them strength and wisdom. It also has the power to obliterate our sins and cure diseases.

Click here for Slokas With Explanation

Varaha Puranam

The Texts of Varaha Purana Can be found in below links

  1. http://hinduonline.co/Scriptures/Puranas/VarahaPurana.html
  2. http://www.kamakoti.org/kamakoti/varaha/bookindex.php

Similarity to Tirupathi

While in Tirupathi Divya Desam, one first visits Varahar before darshan of Moolavar Srinivasa perumal, here at Srimushnam, one is to visit the Srinivasa Perumal Sannidhi at the Western entrance before a darshan of Bhoo Varahaswamy.

Prayers

This is a Prarthana Sthalam for childless couples. Ladies, who have bath in the Nithya Pushkarani, go around the Arasa tree 12times, offer milk and fruits to small kids and recite the Varaha Kavacham are said to be blessed with Children.

This is also a prarthana sthalam for the unmarried. Lord is also said to help devotees in the purchase of house and car.

One of the specialities at this temple is the offering of Korai Kazhangu as prasadam to the Lord

The towering 'Ashwatha tree', houses a famous 850 years old powerful Ashwatha Narayanaswamy Temple with Lord Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy as its primary deity. This temple is very well known for its beneficial effects of blessing unmarried persons with happening of marriages, also sterile women with progeny, and removal of malefic effects of Rahu and Kethu Dhosas.

Festivals

  • 10 day Masi Magam (February-March) Brahmmotsavam is celebrated in a grand manner beginning on the Bharani star day when the Lord visits the sea. Before His arrival at the sea side Perumal travels through a mosque in Thaikal village where a Nawab was placed in rest. The Lord acknowledges the pooja offered at the Mosque area and visits the palace of the Nawab. This is a very strange and secular tradition followed in the festival.
Procession
  • 10 day Chithirai (April-May) brahmmotsavam is celebrated with car and boat (Teppam) programmes conducted in Srimushnam itself. Perumal comes in procession for nine days both in day and night. On the 10th day Theerthavari is celebrated in Pushkarini.
  • Each month on the two Ekadasi days, new moon, full moon days and the first day of the Tamil months, Lord Sri Yoga Narasimha is taken on procession in the prakars – corridors- of the temple.
  • Lord Shri Bhuvaraga graces on Revathi star day in the Chithirai month, the day of his incarnation as Sri Narasimha.
  • Vaikasi Visakam in May-June with procession deity on Garuda,
  • Aadi Pooram in July-August for Sri Andal, 10 day Sri Jayanthi,
  • Navarathi in Purattasi-September-October, Deepavali in October-November,
  • Karthikai Chokkapanai in November-December,
  • 10 nights and 10 days - Rapathu-Pagal Pathu- in Margazhi-November-December,
  • Andal festival, Vaikunda Ekadasi in December-January,
  • Garuda Sevai, Makara Sankranti and Mattupongal in January with Sri Yagnavaraha and Andal wedding festival,
  • Thaipoosam in January-February with Parivettai, Theertha Utsav and Panguni Uthiram (March-April) wedding festival for Perumal and Mother are the festival celebrated in the temple.

Temple Timings

  • Morning 06:00 To 12:30 Am
  • Evening 04:00 To 08:00 Pm

Nearby Temples

  • Sri Nitheesswara Temple ,Behind Boovaraha Swamy Temple
  • Thillai Nataraja Temple Chidambaram
  • Govindaraja Swamy Shrine Within Thillai Nataraja Temple
  • Ulagalantha Perumal Temple Tirukoyilur is 90 Kms

How to reach

Srimushnam is 20 kms from Vriddachalam Town and 40 Kms from Chidambaram

Vriddachalam is 3 hours and 213 Kms from Chennai .

From Bangalore ,there are couple of weekly trains enroute to Pondichery which pass throught Vriddachalam

Stay

Srimushnam is a village with no good stay options. One can find couple of lodges in Vridachallam .Chidambaram has better lodging options

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