Parimala Ranganathar Temple

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Thiruindalur

ThiruIndalur Parimala Ranganathar temple is one of the 108 Divyadesams and is located 3kms from Mayiladuthurai.This is also the parihara sthalam for Planatery inflictions of Moon.Chandran undertook penance here and was liberated, from his curse, by the Lord here. Chandran (another name of Chandran is Indhu) requested that this place be called Indhalur in his memory.

Thiruindalur is one among the Pancha Ranga Kshetrams along the banks of River Cauvery.

Deity : Parimala Ranganathan
Goddess :Parimala Ranganayaki/ Sugantha Naayaki 
Utsavar :Maruviniya Mainthan (also called Sugantha Vana Nathan)

Lord Parimala Ranganathar graces devotees facing east from his majestic reclining (Veera Sayanam) form.It is here Cauvery gains the equal status to River Ganga

History

Chandran's Curse Chandran, who was learning under the tutelage of Guru Brihaspathi, fell for the beauty of his Guru’s wife and cast an evil eye on her. Brihaspathi, who came to know about this, uttered a severe curse turning Chandran into a disease prone being. A shocked Chandran pleaded with the Guru to pardon him but Brihaspathi pronounced that the biggest sin of life is to caste one’s eyes on another’s spouse and that Chandran would have to undergo the curse for having cast his eyes wrongfully on his Guru’s wife. To cleanse himself from his sins, Chandran requested Brihaspati to suggest parikara and was directed by his Guru to invoke the blessings of Lord Vishnu for atonement from his sins.

Thiruindalur

As the first step in his three phased parikara, Chandran undertook bath at the Chandra Pushkarani and performed service at the Ranganatha temple in Srirangam for 15 years. This helped him liberate himself from his ‘physical disease’.

Subsequently, he moved to Thiru Indhalur (in Mayiladuthurai) and offered prayers to Lord Parimala Rangan. Answering his prayers, the Lord reduced the severity of his curse and brought back a few of his handsome features. As per Chandran’s request, this place in Mayiladuthurai came to be called Indhunna (a name denoting Chandran) - later Indhalur- and this region was referred to as Chandran Kshetram.Finally as the culmination phase of his parikara process, he went to Thalaichangadu Kshetram

River Cauvery The Lord promised river Cauvery after her prayers and penance to improve here status. He made her as his bed at Srirangam, took her as his mother at Thirucherai and here at Thiru Indhaloor, he has taken river Cauvery above his head. Thus River Cauvery attained the status similar to that of river Ganges who is on the head of Lord Shiva.

King Ambreesha & Ekadasi Fasting The history of the temple speaks the greatness of Ekadasi Vrata-fasting, that is the devotee committed to this prayer should spend the whole day only with thoughts of Lord without consuming even a drop of water. King Ambarishan was following this practice meticulously. The devotee should take food only the next day-Dwadasi the 12th day of New Moon or Full moon at an auspicious time. And that was the 100th Ekadasi-Dwadasi for king Ambarisha. People of his country and those in the palace were happy that their king will be completing a century and there were necessary arrangements for the celebrations. But, people in the celestial world were unhappy because, Ambarishan may be elevated to their status if his 100th fasting went successfully. They did not want to lose their position for a human. They approached Sage Durvasa to undo his fasting and help retaining their positions. The sage, noted for his temperament assured the Devas to help them and came down to earth. By then, the king had finished the Ekadasi fasting. The fasting would become complete only if he took his food before the prescribed time the next day-Dwadasi. If the time ends, the fruits of the fasting also would be lost. The king did not know that the sage had come with an evil plan. The king was about to take his food when Sage Durvasa entered his palace. The king was doubly glad to have a guest in Sage Durvasa and requested him to accept his hospitality-dining with him. The sage cunningly told him that he accepted his invitation and would be back to be with him for the lunch after a bath in the river. His plan was to fail the king. The time was fast nearing. The king was afraid of the curse of the sage if he ate without him. He consulted the pandits in his court. The chief pandit said that if he simply consumes of few drops of water, he would complete the fasting in order. King did this and was waiting for the sage to have the full food. Knowing this through his powers, Durvasa created a ghost to kill the king. When the ghost began chasing him, Ambarisha sought asylum at Lord’s feet. Perumal looked at the ghost angrily. The ghost began to retreat and disappeared. Realizing the devotion of the king and the power of his fasting, sage Durvasa sought the pardon of the Lord. The sage was pardoned. When asked by the Lord of his wish after completing 100 Ekadasi fastings, king Ambarisha begged the Lord that He should stay at this place and bless the devotees. Pleased with the king’s request, Lord Vishnu-Perumal is blessing His devotees from this temple as Parimala Ranganathar.

Architecture

Thiruindalur

The central shrine is of the presiding deity Parimala Ranganathar made of 12 ft (3.7 m) green stone and is seen in a reclining posture facing east. The consort of Parimala Ranganathar is Parimala Ranganayaki, who is also called Chandrasaapa Vimochanavalli and Pudareekavalli.

The sanctum also houses the images of river gods Cauvery and Ganga and that of Santhanagopalakrishnan.Brahma is sculpted on the wall. The temple has shrines of Yoga Narasimhar, Rama, Anjaneya, Surya and Chandra. This temple has three prakarams (precincts) that houses all the shrines and has a five-tier, east-facing Rajagopuram.

The Dwajasthamba Mandapam and Garuda Mandapam have sculpted pillars, with the latter having images of ten avatars of Vishnu

Azhwars

Thirumangaiazhwar has sung 11 verses praising the lord .

When ThiruMangai Azhvaar reached Indhalur, Lord Parimala Rangan shut the door on him reasoning that he was late. Upset at this, ThiruMangai Azhvaar argued vehemently Parimala Ranganatha.
Thiruindalur

When a friend keeps a thing that we want and does not want to share with us, we typically say ‘Keep it to yourself’ in jest. Similarly, here, with the Lord not allowing Thirumangai Azhvaar an entry into the temple, the Azhvaar asked Parimala Rangan to keep all his beauty to himself and to enjoy it on his own.ThiruMangai Azhvaar goes on to argue that the world would talk about the Lord in bad light as he shut the door on the Azhvaar. The Lord ignores this comment of the Azhvaar saying that he need not worry about it and that he will take care of any ill feelings. Despite repeated attempts to impress the Lord to allow him an entry, Parimala Rangan maintains his silence. A dejected and frustrated Thiru Mangai Azhvaar decided that he would leave the place as the Lord was stubborn at not allowing Darshan to the Azhvaar.

Thiru Mangai Azhvaar says ‘வாசி வல்லீர் இந்தளுரீர் வாழ்ந்தே போம்நீரே….’ to mean that ‘I am leaving, you yourself live here and enjoy life’.

Sensing that Thiru Mangai Azhvaar may actually leave the place without praising him enough, Lord Parimala Rangan tries to prolong the argument and asks him to sing praise of him.

Thiru Mangai Azhvaar replies saying

“How can I shower praise on you when you do not allow me to see you”.

Lord Parimala Ranga says

“You who have sung praises of other Lords, sitting in your place, do sing praise of me too so I can happily listen to your sweet songs.”

ThiruMangai Azhvaar finally fell for it and composed verses of praise on Parimala Rangan.

Prayers

As the temple is noted for its Ekadasi importance, it is suggested that those desirous of undertaking the fasting, may start the practice from this temple.

The Temple is also the Parihara Sthalam for Chandra Doshams

Devotees pray the lord to bless child

Temple Timings

  • Morning : 06:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m
  • Evening : 05:00 p.m. and 08:30 p.m

Festivals

  • Tamil New Year : Procession is taken out
  • Sri Andal Aadi Pooram Celebrated for 10 days (July-August)
  • Thayar Navarthri Utsav in Purattasi-September-October
  • Aipasi Thula Brahmmotsav 10 days in October-November
  • Margazhi Vaikunda Ekadasi utsav in December-January for 20 Days
  • Panguni Brahmmotsav for 10 days in March-April

How to reach & Stay

Thiruindalur is 2.7 Kms from Mayiladuthurai Railway Junction.

From Mayavaram, one can take buses going towards Needur, Manalmedu, Kadalangudi (10 minutes from main bus stand).Auto will charge about Rs. 50/- one way from the bus stand

Night trains from Chennai Egmore and one daily day express ( 820am dep). Mayavaram is about 130kms from Trichy, 75kms from Thanjavur and 35kms from Kumbakonam- Buses ever 15minutes.

Mayiladuthurai has stay options while Kumbakonam can offer more standard options

Nearby Temples

  • Thalaichanga Naanmathiyam Divya Desam
  • Vaitheeswaran Temple
  • Thirumanacheri

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