Nithyakalayana Perumal temple in Thiruvidandai, a village in Kanchipuram district of the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Lord Maha Vishnu.The Temple is Located on East Coast Road, about 40 kms South of Madras ,the temple praised by Thiru Mangai Azhvaar in his Periya Thirumozhi verse.
Deity : Aadhi Varaha Perumal Goddess : Agila Valli Nachiyar Utsavar : Nithya Kalyana Perumal
At this temple, one finds the Lord in a unique standing posture facing East. While one leg is on the ground, the other is on Adhisheshan and his wife. And he is seen balancing Goddess Agila Valli on his left thigh.
As per Hindu legend, Vishnu's gatekeepers Jaya and Vijaya are cursed by sages that they would be born as asuras (demons) during their next birth. They were born on earth as Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakashipu to sage Kashyapa and his wife Diti. The demon brothers on account of their powers, take control of the universe. The elder brother Hiranyaksha practises penance and obtains boon from Brahma which makes him invicible by any animal or human. Hiranyaksha captures earth, personified as goddess Bhudevi and hides her under ocean. All the celestial deities and sages went to Vishnu for rescue. Since Hiranyaksha did not include the boar in the list of animals that can slay him, Vishnu assumes this form with huge tusks and goes down to the primordial ocean. Hiranyaksha obstructs Varaha and the pair have a strong duel. Varaha lifts the earth on his tusks, which would go on to be the most common figurine representation of Varaha. The two fought each other with their mace, with Varaha emerging victorious after a thousand-year duel. Varaha emerges from the ocean with the earth in his tusks and repositions her in her original spot. The earth goddess Bhudevi falls in love with Varaha, whom he is believed to have taken in his lap in this place.It is also believed that a number of maidens awaited to marry the smart looking boar Varaha. It is believed that it is as per the wish.
Once upon a time an Asura Mekanathan had a son named Bali who ruled his kingdom righteously. During that time three other Asuras namely Mali, Maalyavaan and Sumaali asked Bali's help to fight Devas (Gods), but Bali refused to fight with them. But Mali, Maalyavaan and Sumaali went to fight against Devas and lost. They again went for Bali's help, who this time helped them defeat Devas. To remove his sin of fighting the Devas, Bali performed a penance in the bank of Varaha Theertham (Varaha Temple Pond). Lord Vishnu (Perumal) who is happy with penance of Bali arose from pond and appeared before him. Thus this Sthalam (Temple) is called Varahapuri. The Varaha pond on north of the Temple which exists even today is called in 'Uppathi Kulam' (Pond where Lord generated from).
Once upon a time in an Island called 'Sambu' which was in the banks of river Saraswati, a Sage name Kuni performed Penance. A girl helped that Sage. The Sage got Mukthi (Salvation) for his penance from god. This girl followed in the foot steps of the Sage to perform a Penance to attain Mukthi. One day Sage Naradha appeared before her and told her that she cannot attain Mukthi till she gets married. Thus the girl went to a place where many Sages performed Penance and pleaded someone to marry her. One of the Sages name Kalava felt pity for her and married her. With the blessing of Goddess Lakshmi Sage Kalava & the girl gave birth to 360 girl babies within a Year. First baby was named Komalavalli Thayar (Goddess Lakshmi). The Sage who found it difficult to take care of all the 360 daughters, prayed Lord at Thiruvidanthai for getting suitable bridegroom for his daughters. Lord Vishnu (Perumal) who was pleased with Sage's prayers came as a Bachelor each day to marry all the 360 daughers of Sage. on 360th day he transformed all 360 girls into one girl namely Akilavalli Thayar (Goddess Earth) and placed her on his left side and started preaching Slokas to the world.
The temple was built during the Pallava regime in 7th century.Kanchipuram was the capital of the Pallavas who ruled the region during the 6th to 9th centuries. The temple tank is located right opposite to the temple in the end of the street. The sanctum is approached through a sixteen pillared sculpted hall in front of the temple. The temple has two precincts approached through two flat towers. All the shrines in the temple are enclosed within granite walls. The second precinct has two temple masts, each of them located axial to the sanctum and the entrance. The precinct also has a hall to house the temple chariot. The sanctum is approached through an assembly and prayer hall. The granite image of Nithyakalyana Perumal in the form of Varaha having Bhudevi on his lap is housed in the sanctum. The image is around 7 ft (2.1 m) tall and is one of the rarest images of the deity. Garuda, the eagle vahana of Vishnu has a small shrine facing the sanctum. The shrine of Ranganathar is located in the first precinct, parallel to the sanctum. The North-West corner of the temple houses the shrine of Komalavalli.
Thiru Mangai Azhvaar in his Periya Thiru Mozhi has created 13 verses where her refers to the 'daughter's' yearning for the Lord. And how she has been having sleepless nights thinking of the handsome Lord all the time. And the fact she has been uttering only the Lord's name every time she speaks.
ஓதிலும் உன் பேர் அன்றி, மற்று ஓதாள் உருகும், நின் திரு உரு நினைந்து காதன்மை பெரிது, கையறவு உடையள் கயல் நெடுங் கண் துயில் மறந்தாள்
பேதையேன் பேதை பிள்ளைமை பெரிது தெள்ளியள் வள்ளி நுண் மருங்குல் ஏதவர் முன்னா என் நினைந்து இருந்தாய் இடவெந்தை எந்தை பிரானே
Since Lord married one girl each day the Lord of Thiruvidanthai is also called Nithya Kalyana Perumal. This Sthalam (Temple) has also has another name as Nithyakalyanapuri.
Being the place where the Lord married every day of the year, it is believed to be a very auspicious temple relating to marriage. Legend has it that unmarried people will immediately find their life partner if they visit this place and offer their prayers to Nithya Kalyana Perumal.
A common worship practise is to offer garlands to the presiding deity, wearing it and circumabulating the temple nine times. Ranganatha, the reclining form of Vishnu, is believed to have attended the first wedding and after finding that there is a marriage everyday, he set his abode in the temple.
The prominent Festivals celebrated in this temple are
- Chitirai Bhramottsavam
- Vaikunta Ekadashi
Morning 6 am to 12 pm
Evening 3 pm to 8 pm
- Thirukadalmallai SthalaSayana Perumal (Mahabalipuram)
- Parthasarathy Temple Triplicane
- Neer Vanna Perumal Thiruneermalai
How to Reach
Buses ply from Chennai to this temple (bus nos. 117,118,188V, 188K, 188A) on East Coast Road
By Car, one can reach the temple within 45mts from Central / Egmore Station or from Parrys Broadway
Lot of stay options are available in Chennai
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